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Polycystic kidney disease is a genetic condition in which the tubules of the kidneys grow to become deformed, leading to cysts to grow on the organ. Studying this disease has been a challenge because of the difficulty of modeling it in the laboratory. Now researchers led by a team at the University of Washington have been able to grow kidney organoids from human stem cells that form cysts much like those in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). The investigators then used these organoids to study how different stimuli affect cyst formation...
Mauna Kea, a French firm, having recently made available its Cellvizio system in the U.S., now also won European CE Mark approval for the technology to be used during robotic-assisted surgeries. The Cellvizio Confocal Laser Endomicroscopy (CLE) System allows urologists to analyze the cellular structure of tissues as part of retroscopic and cystoscopic procedures. No samples need to be taken, as the system's probes feature a laser scanner and a detector that give a closeup look at the tissues in vivo. The reusable probes are introduced through an endoscope and the...
Researchers at Caltech have developed a new rapid test for antibiotic-resistant bacteria, which can give results within 30 minutes. Antibiotics are becoming less effective with the rise of multi-drug resistant strains of bacteria. At present, a doctor doesn’t know if their patient is infected with a drug-resistant strain without sending a sample to a lab, and it can take as long as three days to get the results back. This means that most antibiotic treatments are a shot in the dark. A new test, developed by Caltech researchers, could help...
LivaNova, a UK firm, won FDA approvals for its newest vagus nerve stimulation system for treating epilepsy in patients as young as four years old. The system, which includes the SenTiva implantable neurostimulator and the VNS Therapy Programming system, monitors brain activity and delivers therapy when it believes a seizure may be imminent. During therapy it continues its monitoring routine, increasing its stimulation if it detects its initial attempts failed to prevent a seizure. The SenTiva device is now the world's smallest available responsive stimulator for epilepsy, which makes it...
The FDA has granted Respicardia, a company out of Minnetonka, Minnesota, approval to introduce its Remedē implantable sleep apnea treatment system. The Remedē treats sleep apnea by stimulating one of the phrenic nerves that regulates the activity of the diaphragm. People with central sleep apnea exhibit shallow breaths and/or pauses in breathing that can have a terrible effect on their sleep quality and, as it turns out, their overall cardiovascular health, and increase their chances for obesity and diabetes. The poor control of the diaphragm in such patients is caused by the brain sending...
Difficult to manage wounds do not heal oftentimes because topical medications can't be administered in a controlled fashion and just when needed. To apply a drug onto a chronic wound, the dressing has to be removed, exposing the wound to potential infections and causing a good deal of discomfort to the patient. Now researches from University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Harvard Medical School, and MIT have brought together their expertise in different fields to create a smart bandage that releases meds in a precise manner. The bandage is based on cotton threads...
Ascom, a Swiss firm, is releasing a new product designed to improve how clinicians record patient information into electronic medical records (EMR). The Digistat Vitals system relies on the dedicated Ascom Myco smartphone, or certain compatible Android phones, as the interface for data entry. A special app is used at the bedside to save vitals and other clinical data, which is automatically transferred to the in-clinic EMR without having to do any manual data management and avoiding transcription. To speed up visits with patients, the app provides automatic clinical calculators and...
OTC
Carrot, a Redwood City, California firm, won FDA clearance for its Carbon Monoxide (CO) Breath Sensor System. It will be available as an over-the-counter product that's designed to help smokers kick the habit as part of smoking cessation programs. The CO sensor features Bluetooth wireless connectivity, allowing it to interface with a smartphone app that records and displays the readings. The app is intended to be used by smokers themselves, providing them an important assessment of how their habit is affecting their health. The company hopes that its product will...
The Health 2.0 Fall Conference provides a number of opportunities for startups and entrepreneurs to share their novel innovations and ideas, including the Startup Pitch Competition, the Exhibit Hall, Market Connect sessions, 3.5 minute breakout session demos, and Launch! Launch! is Health 2.0's annual closing event where early stage companies announce product releases for the first time, with the audience selecting a winner after a quick-fire session of demos. This year, the applicant pool was strong enough to invite twelve companies to the Health 2.0 stage. This year's Launch! finalists...
ENT
Olympus is releasing its latest surgical microscope, the 4K-3D ORBEYE video microscope. The device was developed by a joint venture called Sony Olympus Medical Solutions. The system comes with an accompanying 4K-3D 55-inch monitor, allowing surgeons to look directly at the screen rather than a microscope eyepiece and for the rest of the clinical staff to be aware of what's going on. There's not even the eyepiece option, as the only thing the adjustable arm keeps elevated is the lens and digital sensors. The microscope relies on two Sony 4K ExmorRTM...
The stiffness of a cell is often an indicator of whether it is healthy or cancerous, and the so-called mechanotype, a phenotype based on cell mechanics when squeezed, is indicative of other properties of cells. Being able to easily measure how a cell deforms when under pressure has great potential for diagnostic purposes. Now the researchers at University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have developed a device that can measure the stiffness and deformation of cells as they're put under pressure. The device can be made to measure large numbers of...

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Medgadget's Best of CES 2018

CES 2018 is over. We assessed the many health-related gadgets that were shown off by a myriad of companies, concluded our deliberations, and now is the time to present... January 16th, 2018

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