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care.ai, an artificial intelligence company based in Florida, has partnered with Google to create an autonomous patient monitoring system. By combining multiple sensors in a patient’s room and neural network data analysis, the system can identify and predict accidents and clinical events, in some cases warning healthcare staff before an incident happens. Preventable accidents and medical issues in healthcare facilities result in thousands of patient deaths and significant patient suffering every year. These include falls, infections, and pressure ulcers. While such issues are theoretically avoidable, in many cases it is...Read More

November 15th, 2019 by Medgadget Editors
Art
Virtual reality is already used in medicine to train surgeons, fight phobias, and even help with early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Researchers at Drexel University have now taken the first steps to apply virtual reality in the field of art therapy. “Art therapy is founded on the idea that creative expression with an art therapist facilitates communication and problem solving, reduces inhibition, alleviates depressive symptoms and promotes personal development,” said Girija Kaimal, EdD, lead author of the study in Journal of Art Therapy Association that involved 17 people making art...Read More
Researchers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute have developed a prototype wireless, flexible oxygen sensor the size of a band aid. The device can be stuck to the skin and can wirelessly monitor blood oxygen levels and transmit data through the internet to doctors and caregivers. The technology may allow ill newborns to go home with their parents rather than having to stay in the hospital, all while providing adequate monitoring of blood oxygen levels to the clinical team. “Extended stays in the hospital are costly and can be a strain on...Read More

November 15th, 2019 by Rukmani Sridharan
Continuous monitoring of bacterial growth is a critical step in the biotechnology industry and in biological labs. These measurements are typically taken using large and bulky spectrophotometers that do not fit into incubators for real-time monitoring. Moreover, continuous monitoring is labor-intensive as it requires multiple samplings. Recent developments by researchers from Cork, Ireland have overcome these challenges by hacking a generic heart rate monitor to make a low-cost turbidity tracker. The team 3D printed a holder where an LED light can shine through, while the sensors' photodiode can measure the...Read More
A good deal of clinical diagnostics are effectively performed by cytologists who examine cells through a microscope for signs of disease. This is an imperfect, slow process that depends on the training, focus, and attention to detail of the cytologist. Now, researchers at Helmholtz Zentrum München and the University Hospital of LMU Munich in Germany have developed an automated system that points to the reality of cytologists becoming an endangered species. They taught a computer, running deep learning algorithms, to automatically classify cells within blood samples for signatures of acute...Read More

November 14th, 2019 by Medgadget Editors
Electrospinning is a maturing manufacturing technology that is already being used in medicine to produce unusual materials with novel properties. It involves melting a polymer and extruding it through a narrow nozzle, while an electric field is used to pull and spin the polymer into a very fine mesh. When a biocompatible polymer is used, the printed materials may be applicable for medical applications, as the resulting mesh has an extremely large surface area. The fibers can also have drugs attached to them, resulting in active meshes with interesting therapeutic...Read More
Butterfly Network, the digital health unicorn democratizing medical imaging, is continuing to add new applications for its handheld, single probe, smartphone-connected ultrasound technology. The Butterfly iQ, the multi-purpose pocket-sized ultrasound, won FDA clearance a couple years ago and earlier this year received the CE Mark, clearing it for distribution in Europe. The innovation found within Butterfly iQ centers around the device's matrix array of microelectromechanical (MEMS) sensors. As part of an integrated circuit, Butterfly iQ provides high-resolution performance comparable to that of a full-size ultrasound machine. Similar to the ubiquity...Read More
Scientists at Harvard’s Wyss Institute have developed a technique to deliver chemotherapy to the lungs using red blood cells. The method involves binding chemotherapy-loaded nanoparticles to red blood cells, which are then injected into the bloodstream. Once the red blood cells reach the lungs they have to squeeze through the small capillaries and the resulting shear force removes the nanoparticles, which can then enter cells within the lungs. The researchers hope that the technique could help treat lung metastases with increased efficacy and reduced side-effects, compared with conventional chemotherapy.  ...Read More

November 14th, 2019 by Medgadget Editors
Drug-releasing implants may have significant benefits for treating a variety of diseases. They're already used in a few limited applications, but wider implementation has proven to be challenging because it is difficult to know how a drug moves through the implant and into the surrounding tissues. Now, researchers at Purdue University have developed a way to use an MRI machine to view the movement of a drug through and out of a drug eluting implant. The capability will allow drug implant developers to study how their designs work with different...Read More
Surgeons at the Cleveland Clinic managed to implant a donor kidney into a patient using a surgical robot, and all through one small incision. The technique, in which instruments as well as the donor kidney can be passed through a four centimeter (1.6 inch) wide incision, is designed to make it easier to perform transplants on patients with difficult anatomies and to cause less collateral damage to internal and external tissues. “The aim was not only to make a smaller incision, but also to minimize the area in which the...Read More
Eyevensys, a clinical-stage biotechnology company based in France, has developed a method to perform non-viral gene therapy in the eye, with the aim of treating ocular diseases. The system uses ocular electrotransfection to deliver therapeutic genes into the eye. Consisting of an ocular device and an electrical pulse generator, the system can deliver DNA plasmids into the ciliary muscle. The idea is that the transfected cells in the eye allow for sustained local production of therapeutic proteins, which can then produce effects in a variety of structures in the eye,...Read More

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