Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSEs) is a group of neurodegenerative diseases that affect central nervous system (CNS) and more specifically the brain and spinal cord. In addition to humans, this condition also affects certain animal species such as sheep, goats, felines, mink, cattle, and deer. Transmissible spongiform encephalopathy is also known as prion disease, as prions are believed to be the causative agent of (TSEs). Prions are transmissible pathogenic agents that are able to induce abnormal folding of some normal cellular proteins i.e. prion proteins. Prion proteins are the most abundantly found in the brain. The most commonly known prion diseases in humans, are Fatal Familial Insomnia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (CJD), Gerstmann-Straussler-Scheinker Syndrome, and Kuru; most commonly identified animal prion diseases are Transmissible mink encephalopathy, Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE), Scrapie, and others.
According to a study published in InTechOpen in 2017, it is found that in only 5 cases of BSE worldwide were reported in 2015, out of which, three were in Europe, one in Norway, and one in Canada. It is also reported that in the year 2016, two cases in France and Spain, and one in Ireland have been reported.
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Various push factors such as, increasing awareness among people, increasing government assistance, and improvement in regulatory framework continuously contribute to the growth of the global spongiform encephalopathy market.
However, challenges in research and development, and poor healthcare system in low and middle-income countries may hinder the growth of the market to an extent over the review period.
It is estimated that spongiform encephalopathy market is expected to grow at a CAGR 6.1% during the forecast period of 2017-2023.
Some of key the players in the spongiform encephalopathy market are Teva Pharmaceuticals, Abbvie, Adamas Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Newron Pharmaceuticals SPA, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., Abbott Laboratories, Lonza, Merck KGaA, Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., and others.
The spongiform encephalopathy market is segmented on the basis of type, diagnosis, treatment, and end-user.
On the basis of the type, the market is segmented into in humans, in animals. The human’s segment is classified into Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD), others. The others segment includes Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker disease, fatal familial insomnia, and kuru (Papua New Guinea). The animals segment is classified into bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), Scrapie in sheep and goats, Chronic Wasting Disease (CWD), Feline spongiform encephalopathy, others. BSE is further classified into classical BSE and atypical BSE.
On the basis of the diagnosis, the market is classified into histopathology and immunohistochemistry, immunochemical detection methods, animal bioassays, cell culture assay systems, protein misfolding cyclic amplification, conformation-dependent immunoassay, capillary electrophoresis, fluorescent correlation spectroscopy, multispectral ultraviolet fluorescence spectroscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Histopathology and Immunohistochemistry are further segmented into immunohistochemical staining and electron microscopy. Immunochemical Detection Methods is further segmented into Western Blotting Test, and Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA).
On the basis of the treatment, the market is classified into small molecules, and immunotherapies. The small molecules are further classified into pentosan polysulfate, quinacrine, amphotericin B, and others. Immunotherapies are further classified into Antibody-based immunotherapies and Cell-Based Immunotherapies. Antibody-based immunotherapies include passive immunization, active immunization, and targeting disease-specific epitopes. Cell-based immunotherapies include DC vaccines and adoptive transfer of CD4+ T-cells.
On the basis of the end-users, the market is segmented into hospital & clinics, diagnostic centers veterinary hospitals, research & academic laboratories, and others.
Europe dominates the spongiform encephalopathy market owing to the high prevalence of bovine spongiform encephalopathy in European region, support provided by government bodies for research & development and improvement in reimbursement policies in healthcare will drive the market in Europe region
The Americas hold the second position in the spongiform encephalopathy market owing to the rising awareness among people, and high healthcare expenditure. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2015, the total health expenditure in the U.S. was reported to be USD 3.2 trillion and hospital care accounted for a share of 32.3%.
The Asia Pacific is the fastest growing spongiform encephalopathy market owing to the huge patient pool and developing healthcare technology. Healthcare expenditure is also improving in various Asia Pacific countries. According to the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, in the years 2015-2016, the total health expenditure was USD 170.4 billion, which is 3.6% higher than the year 2014-15.
The Middle East & Africa owns the least share of the global spongiform encephalopathy market due to lack of technical knowledge and poor medical facilities.
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Detailed Table of Contents:
Chapter 1. Report Prologue
Chapter 2. Market Introduction
2.2 Scope Of The Study
2.2.1 Research Objective
Chapter 3. Research Methodology
3.2 Primary Research
3.3 Secondary Research
3.4 Market Size Estimation
List Of Tables and Figures
List Of Tables
Table 1 Spongiform Encephalopathy Industry Synopsis, 2017 – 2023
Table 2 Spongiform Encephalopathy Market Estimates And Forecast, 2017 – 2023, (Usd Million)
Table 3 Spongiform Encephalopathy Market By Region, 2017 – 2023, (Usd Million)
Table 4 Spongiform Encephalopathy Market By Type, 2017 – 2023, (Usd Million)
Table 5 Spongiform Encephalopathy Market By Diagnosis, 2017 – 2023, (Usd Million)
Table 6 Spongiform Encephalopathy Market By Treatment, 2017 – 2023, (Usd Million)
List Of Figures
Figure 1 Research Process
Figure 2 Segmentation For Spongiform Encephalopathy Market
Figure 3 Segmentation Market Dynamics For Spongiform Encephalopathy Market
Figure 4 Global Spongiform Encephalopathy Market Share, By Type 2016
Figure 5 Global Spongiform Encephalopathy Market Share, By Diagnosis 2016
Figure 6 Global Spongiform Encephalopathy Market Share, By Treatment 2016
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