RNA Based Therapeutics Market is expected to garner $1.2 billion by 2020, registering a CAGR of 28.4% during the forecast period 2014 – 2020. The Global RNA based therapeutics Market has garnered significant attention in the recent years due to its potential to treat variety of chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, AIDS, Tuberculosis and certain cardiovascular conditions.
Despite being in the clinical research phase, the RNA based therapeutics is been explored as a promising treatment option for the diseases which are difficult to treat.Development of this therapeutics is based on promising technologies such as RNA interference technology (RNAi), antisense technology and SMaRT technology. RNAi technology and antisense technology together are gaining prominence in the research industry, as these technologies provide base sequence to develop RNA drugs.
RNAi technology works by causing destruction of specific mRNA molecules; whereas, antisense technology works by synthesizing strand of RNA from known gene sequence. These newly synthesized RNA strands then itself binds to mRNA and make mRNA inactive. Gene silencing potential of RNA based therapeutics is the primary driver for the growth of this market. The other drivers include target specificity and selectivity of RNAi therapeutics, more intense product focus versus platform technologies and virtual drug development models that enable companies to reduce the research cost. However, critical issues in drug delivery, high cost of research, and high failure rates are some of the major hurdles for the companies working in this field.
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Despite the restraints, RNA based therapeutics has the potential to grow due to increasing interest exhibited by the pharmaceutical industries for the commercialization of these therapies. Quark Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (USA), Alnylam Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (USA), Dicerna Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (USA), Tekmira Pharmaceuticals Corp. (Canada), Benitec Biopharma Limited (Australia), Genzyme Corporation (USA), ISIS pharmaceuticals Inc (USA), Silence Therapeutics PLC (UK) and Cenix BioScience GmbH (Germany) are some of the key players in this market.
ISIS pharmaceuticals, Inc. (USA) has focused its research activities on antisense technology and developed antisense therapeutics, namely Mipomersen and Fomivirsen. This therapeutics is commercially available in the market and marketed as Kynamro and Vitravene respectively. Quark, Alnylam and silence therapeutics are other major players of this market with strong research pipeline in RNA based therapeutics.