Anatomic pathology is a branch of science or branch of medicine that primarily involves microscopic, biochemical, and molecular examination of organs and tissues to find out the effectiveness of diseases. The key objective of anatomic pathology is to identify abnormalities in order to manage diagnosis and treatment. Anatomic pathology helps to detect various types of tumor and cancer. It is also sometimes useful to evaluate the liver and kidney diseases effectively.
Gross examination, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, cytopathology, and flow immunophenotyping are some of the procedures carried out during anatomic pathology test. Anatomic pathology testing is a superspeciality test. To perform this type of test, a person should have a qualified certification from a recognized body such as the American Board of Pathology or the American Osteopathic Board of Pathology. Anatomic pathologist is also involved in post mortem examination. Like clinical pathology reports, anatomic pathology reports also contain essential elements such as name, number, sample type, and source. Many anatomic pathology departments operate according to the specific need of a patient.
The anatomic pathology testing market has been segmented based on product, services, and application. In terms of product, the market has been categorized into instruments and consumables. Instruments such as microscope, centrifuges, slides, and cassette printers are used to conduct anatomic pathology tests. Consumables include kits, reagents, and antibodies. Based on services, the anatomic pathology testing market has been segmented into cytopathology and histopathology. In terms of application, the market has been categorized into breast cancer diagnosis, lung cancer diagnosis, and cervical cancer diagnosis.
Based on end-user, the global anatomic pathology testing market has been segmented into clinical diagnostic laboratories, hospitals, and physician office laboratories. Increasing prevalence of chronic diseases, maximum use of biomarkers, direct to customer facility, and government awareness about early cancer detection and diagnosis are likely to boost the growth of the anatomic pathology testing market. High cost of digital imaging, poor resolution, set up costs, lack of depth perception are some of the factors restraining the market.
Geographically, the anatomic pathology testing market is dominated by North America due to rising incidence of cancer and epathology solutions. Rising prevalence of chronic diseases, rapid increase in geriatric population, and high acceptance of personalized medicine and digital laboratory propel the market in Europe. Growing academic and government investment in diagnostic research and rising awareness about the use of anatomic pathology test among physicians are projected to boost the growth of the market in Asia Pacific.
Increasing globalization, sound economy, and changing lifestyle habits of the population in the region has led to the growth of the anatomy pathology testing market in Latin America. High life expectancy, increasing burden of diseases, increasing chronic and non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and obesity fuel the growth of the anatomic pathology testing market. Improving living standards, and increasing demand for quality medicines in Middle East & Africa boost the growth of the anatomy pathology testing market in the region.
Major players in the anatomic pathology testing market are Abbott Diagnostic International Ltd., Agilent Technologies, Danaher, Roche Diagnostics, Bio SB, Neogenomics Laboratories, Inc., and Quest Diagnostics Incorporated.
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