The immunoassay instruments market is growing with a considerable rate due to rising incidence of chronic infectious diseases, increasing preference for personalized medicine, and technological advancements. Investments in emerging economies, and focus on developing compact, reliable and portable immunoassay instruments are some of the factors giving ample opportunities to the immunoassay instruments market to grow in the coming years.
Immunoassay is a laboratory based diagnostic procedure that is performed using an immunological reaction of antibodies. The formation of antibody antigen complexes in blood samples and other body fluids are measured by immunoassay instruments and are usually engaged to detect analytes in quantitative or qualitative manner. Qualitative analyses of immunoassay test include immunoassay tests by detecting human chorionic gonadotropin in urine samples for pregnancy. Immunoassay is done in multiple steps with reagents being added and washed away at different points during the assay.
Calibrators, solutions that contain analyte and the concentration of analyte is known to them, is generally employed in the immunoassay. Currently, the immunoassay tests are discovering new avenues of applications in identifying infectious diseases, detection of cancer biomarkers, toxicology testing and other drug monitoring tests. Immunoassay techniques are particularly suited for examining compounds present in extremely low concentration, such as in nano gram and Pico gram, and without any previous treatments to improve its detection.
To allow detection of antibodies and antigens, immunoassays utilize a range of different labels such as radioactive isotopes, enzymes, fluorogenic reporters, DNA reporters, labeless immunoassay, and electrochemiluminescent tags. Enzymes are mostly used in immunoassay as a label as they produce a visible color change in the presence of certain reagents. Immunoassays are mostly used in sports anti doping laboratories to test athlete’s blood samples for forbidden recombinant human growth hormone. Clinical tests also use immunoassays in many applications such as home pregnancy tests, which detect the pregnancy marker human chorionic gonadotropin.
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North America dominates the immunoassay instruments market due to expanding biotechnology and pharmaceutical industries, rising incidences of chronic diseases, government support and the launch of new products in the region. Asia-Pacific is expected to grow at the highest rate in the coming years.
Some of the competitors in the immunoassay instruments market are Beckman Coulter, Inc., F. Hoffman-La Roche, Ltd., Thermo Fisher Scientific, Ortho Clinical Diagnostics, BioMerieux, Inc., Abbott Laboratories, Sysmex Corporation, DiaSorin S.p.A., Siemens Healthcare, and Merck Millipore Corporation.
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