Animal model is an animal in which biology and pathology studied and investigated in relation with the functional resemblance with the humans or other species of animal. Animal model study is broken in to exploratory study, where fundamental biological mechanisms is studies and explanatory study, in which complex biological processes is studied. The last is predictive study, in used to discover and quantify the impact of investigative treatment is studied. Animal ethical committee are the law that controls and permits the usage of animal models in scientific experimentation. The guidelines for animal models are different for different parts of the globe. Animal models are mainly influenced by appropriateness of part or organ used, generalization of final results, ethical implication, number needed in research, existing knowledge, animal related factors, and environmental factors. The success of animal model depends on animal model selection, which again depends on the species, breeds and strains, which have close resemblance with the humans.
Animal model market: Drivers and Restraints
Animals are biologically similar with humans and share common physiology. Animals have high genotype resemblance and have shorter life cycles. It also easy to control the animal environment which difficult in case of humans. The use of animal models has made biomedical research to discover new ways for treatment and cure disease and illnesses. Animal models are used to understand health problems, to test safety, and efficacy of drugs before using in the treatment. These concerns made animals models more significant in healthcare sectors. Even though alternatives are there like computer models, tissue cultures and cell cultures, only animal models are used mostly, because living system is highly complex. Alternative methods are not used because of physiology, immunological responses, body chemistry making it impossible to study the diseases and effect of the treatment without testing and observing it on animal models. All this makes animal models more significant in the biomedical research.
Animal models are predictive, on complete reliance on animals models proved to be failure to predict the negative effects of the drugs. Experimenting by animal models often leads to failure of translation into treatments for humans. Ethical issues like protection of animal models are acting as a restraints in the research.
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Animal model market: segmentation
Animal model market segmentation based on end users
- Pharmaceutical companies
- Research institutes
- Contract research organizations
- Educational institutes
Animal model market segmentation based on species
Animal model market segmentation based on applications
- Cancer research
- Neurological research
- Biomedical research
- Genetic research
Animal model market: Market wise overview
Animal models are emerging globally and there is a growing trend in the usage of animal models in drug discovery. Rapid advancement in the novel technology made the animal models constructive and easy. The market witness high competitiveness and high capital investment with animal models. Even though high cost of animal model research it never hampers the growth. The high incidence rate of diseases and adverse effects of the drugs drives the market towards animal models to ensure the safety of the humans. Other factors the contributing the growth of the animal model includes government involvement in research and research institutes for development of standard protocols for animal models.
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Animal model market: Region wise overview
The North America is accounting for more share in the global animal models research and because of this high growth, government reformed the policies to increase the funding plans in the animal model research. The high growth rate is due to more number of companies which are conducting biogenic researches and more number of research institutes. In Europe and Asia-pacific region, substantial growth is observed from the past few decades and expected to grow with double growth rate in the future. In few countries around the globe, research on animal models is decreased because of stringent government policies to control the animal killings and ethical issues.
Animal model market: Key market participants
The key market participants of animal models around the globe is Charles River Laboratories, Harlan Laboratories, Taconic Laboratories, Janvier Labs, Transgenic, Inc. GenOway S.A, Transposagen Biopharmaceuticals, Envigo, SAGE Labs. and others.