The Culturing or farming of aquatic animals like fishes, crustaceans, mollusks, algae, aquatic plants, and the other aquatic organisms in different types of water is termed as “Aquaculture”. The cultivation process involves nurturing of these aquatic organisms in the controlled condition either in fresh or salt water. Thereafter, these aquatic organisms are harvested to be served as the source of nutrition or many other purposes. The aquatic animals are very sensitive and prone to various epidemic diseases. The other factors affecting the aquatic cultured animals are pathogens (e.g. viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites); which exist in all natural water bodies.
At the same time, crowded culture environment poses high risk for infection. Crowding also results in fish knocking; eventually leading to surface wounds which is a cause for inaction. These can be cured using several FDA approved antibiotics and the other medicines. Apart from diseases, medicines are used to improve the wellbeing of the fish in the aquaculture.
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The list of drugs includes chorionic gonadotropin, florfenicol, formalin solution, hydrogen peroxide, oxytetracycline, tricaine methane sulfonate, acetic acid, calcium chloride, sulfadimethoxine/ormetoprim combination, fuller’s earth, garlic (whole form), ice, magnesium sulfate, papain, calcium oxide, carbon dioxide gas, potassium chloride, povidone iodine, sodium sulfite, thiamine hydrochloride, sodium bicarbonate, sodium chloride, urea and tannic acid.
These drugs take care of the aquatic animals fighting with several diseases which are not only harmful to the aquatic animals but also to the consumer. There are two different categories of diseases which affect the aquatic population namely diseases due to pathogens which are indigenous to the local environment and exotic pathogens.
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A lot of advancements are taking place in the aquaculture therapeutics as there are several diseases affecting the animals cultured in the aquaculture. There are several diseases driving the aquaculture therapeutics market. Mostly these diseases are dependent on hygiene conditions that are to be maintained. Advances in aquaculture therapeutics and growing demand for the more effective aquaculture therapeutic drugs are the factors expected to drive the growth of aquaculture therapeutics market. Also, the demand for aquaculture is rapidly growing day by day due to the decreasing number of the oceanic fish and increasing consumption of the fishes at a global level.
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