Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a progressive, chronic neurodegenerative condition, which is currently incurable. It is associated with old age, and characterized by the loss of neurons in the substantia nigra region of the brain. The global Parkinson’s Disease (PD) prevalence was estimated at 16.1 million in 2011, and after Alzheimer’s disease it is the second most common neurodegenerative disease worldwide.
Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is a progressive disease and, although not fatal, it can develop severe symptoms and complications that significantly impact upon the patient’s quality of life. Symptoms for each stage can be categorized into early, moderate and advanced stages. Major motor symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) include tremors and difficulty walking. Parkinson’s Disease (PD) also gives rise to non-motor symptoms, such as dementia, depression, hallucinations and loss of taste and smell.
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There are several different drug classes available to relieve Parkinson’s Disease (PD) symptoms. The aim is for treatments to increase dopamine levels, which is substantially diminished in brains affected by Parkinson’s Disease (PD). The most common therapies include levodopa, dopamine agonists and Monoamine Oxidase-B (MAO-B) inhibitors, with the choice of therapies dependent on patient symptoms and lifestyle. As the disease develops, the medication will need to be taken more strictly, due to the effect of drugs wearing off (known as off- time), which causes symptoms to return before the next dose.
With the current marketed drugs focusing primarily on symptomatic relief, Parkinson’s Disease (PD) remains incurable, with a huge unmet need for disease-modifying therapies. However, due to the lack of clearly established clinical trial methodologies, replication of the benefits demonstrated by neuroprotective agents in the laboratory to human trials has proved challenging. More importantly, due to an incomplete understanding of the underlying mechanisms that cause the disease, a viable therapeutic target to halt or slow disease progression is currently not in scope, which limits the effectiveness of current product development programs.
A brief introduction to Parkinson’s Disease (PD), including pathogenesis, disease staging, diagnosis and treatment algorithms
Comprehensive analysis of the drugs available for the treatment of PD, covering their safety, efficacy, treatment patterns, and strengths/weaknesses, as well as a heat map comparing drugs in terms of safety and efficacy
Comprehensive analysis of the pipeline for Parkinson’s Disease (PD) therapies, including individual analysis of a number of late-stage pipeline drugs that are likely to enter the market in the forecast period, on the basis of Phase distribution, molecule type and molecular target
Additional thorough analysis of pipeline drug clinical trials by Phase, molecule type, trial size, trial duration, and program failure rate for each molecule type and mechanism of action
Multi-scenario market forecast data to 2021, taking into account how it will be affected by the introduction of new drugs, the expiry of key patents on current drugs, and changes in disease epidemiology across the key developed markets of the US, Canada, Japan, Germany, the UK, France, Italy and Spain
Discussion of the drivers of and barriers to market growth
Discussion of the licensing and co-development deals landscape in Parkinson’s Disease (PD), by stage of development, molecule type and mechanism of action, as well as analysis of both licensing and co-development deals by year, and network maps of licensing and co-development deals
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