Normal body temperature varies by a person’s age, activity, and the time of day at which it is being measured. Fahrenheit, Kelvin, and Celsius are three temperature measurement units used to measure patient body temperature. The normal average body temperature in humans is considered to be 98.6 degree Fahrenheit. Body temperature represents the balance between heat production and heat loss. Persons whose body temperature rises to 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit are considered ill.
Temperature measurement through thermometers helps in the diagnosis of illness in humans. Thermometer is a temperature measurement instrument sealed in a glass tube. Electronic thermometers are now commonly used as temperature measurement devices. Patient warming and cooling are important factors to be considered in patient temperature management. Normal body temperature can be affected by intrinsic and extrinsic (environmental) factors. Sites such as oral cavity, axilla, temporal artery, external auditory canal, and rectum are suitable for noninvasive estimation of actual body temperature. Cooling and warming blankets and gel pads or ice packs are some of the traditional patient temperature management methods used in burn centers, emergency departments, and surgical suites. Surface warming and surface cooling systems are two common methods used for the management of patient body temperature. The surface warming system consists of connective and conductive warming systems. Patient cooling systems include surface cooling systems, intravascular cooling systems, and patient cooling accessories. Nursing staff, paramedical staff, surgeons, and anesthesiologists are some of the common users for temperature management equipment.
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Currently, North America dominates the global patient temperature management market, followed by Europe. This is due to the rising prevalence of cardiac and central nervous system disorders in these regions. Asia is expected to be the fastest growing market in the next five years. This is due to the increasing adoption of temperature management systems and increasing government initiatives for better healthcare facilities in this region. Moreover, the existence of a large patient population also drives the growth of the patient temperature management market in this region.
The growing aging population, rising awareness about better healthcare, and demand for advanced body temperature management equipment are some of the key factors driving the growth of the global patient temperature management market. In addition, rising per capita income and increasing medical tourism in developing countries are also fuelling the growth of the global patient temperature management market. However, unfavorable healthcare reforms in the U.S. market and product recalls are some of the factors restraining the growth of the global patient temperature management market. In addition, high cost of intravascular temperature management systems also impedes the market growth.
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Availability of low-cost intravascular temperature management systems could open up opportunities for new players in the global patient temperature management market. In addition, emerging markets such as India and China could also offer new opportunities for new players. Moreover, rising price pressure and sustainability in the highly competitive market could lead to challenges for the growth of the global patient temperature management market. The growth of partnerships among temperature management system manufacturers and new product launches are some of the recent trends in the global patient temperature management market. The major companies operating in this market are Covidien, Stryker Corporation, 3M Company, Smiths Medical, Zoll Medical Corporation, and C.R. Bard, Inc.
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