Autacoids are certain biological factors that act like hormones and help in treating local injuries and other ailments. Autacoids are temporarily formed in the body and act locally. They have many different actions such as modulation of action of glands, smooth muscles, platelets, nerves, and other tissues. They are released by stimuli and when they are released into the body, they can bring certain changes such as itching, skin reddening, and bronchospasms. Some of these changes are undesirable and for the prevention of such symptoms, autacoids antagonists are used.
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Autacoids are classified into decarboxylated amino acids, polypeptides, and eicosanoids. The major forms of decarboxylated amino acids are histamine and serotonin. The major polypeptides in autacoids are angiotensin, vasopressin, plasma kinin, substance P, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, and slow reacting substances of anaphylaxis. It has been recently discovered that some autacoids such as histamine, serotonin, and prostaglandin are found in nerve tissues. The major functional applications of autacoids are in treating inflammation, allergies, neurotransmission, anaphylactic reactions, gastric acid secretion, and neuroendocrine regulation.
It is estimated that the global market for autacoids and related drugs will cross the 100 billion mark by 2018. The major drugs related to autacoids are biogenic amines, polypeptide autacoids, drugs related to lipid-derived autacoids, and drugs related to endothelium derived autacoids. The dominant segment in the autacoids market is biogenic amines. This segment captures more than 65% of the overall autacoids market. The major application segment of the market are the use of autacoids related drugs in respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, CNS diseases, antiemetics, gastrointestinal diseases, eye disorders, and analgesics.
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Some of the major market players in the autacoids and autacoids related drugs market are Abbott Laboratories, APP Pharma, AstraZeneca, Bedford Laboratories, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Chattem Inc., Hospira Inc., Sanofi-Aventis, Xanodyne, and some others.
This research report analyzes this market depending on its market segments, major geographies, and current market trends. Geographies analyzed under this research report include
- North America
- Asia Pacific
- Rest of the World