Urine sediments are solid particles that collect at the bottom of the tube containing a urine sample and can be detected with the help of a urine sediment analyzer. A urine sediment analyzer is an appliance used in a clinical setting to accomplish automatic urine testing. Urine sediment analysis with the help of a urine sediment analyzer is a non-invasive and reliable process for detecting renal or urinary tract diseases. It helps in the identification of physical, chemical, and microscopic properties of urine. Urine sediment analyzers help in detecting red and white blood cells, infectious organism, yeast, crystals, epithelial cells, cast, and bacteria. These are also used for detecting the presence of nitrite, glucose, protein, ketone and bilirubin as well as testing of pH. Urine sediment analyzers facilitate the measurement of the chemical quality and quantity of urine with the help of a computer controlled reflectance photometer. These models consist of urine strip readers—a kind of reflectance photometer that can process several strips per hour.
Urine sediment analyzers help in detecting various diseases such as diabetes, kidney disorders, carbohydrate metabolism disorders, liver diseases, and urinary tract infections. Dipstick screening is the most common and cost effective device used to screen urine. A standard dipstick consists of 10 different chemical pads and is made of plastics and papers. Macroscopic and microscopic analysis are two types of urine analysis procedures. Automated urinalysis using a automated urine test strip is also commonly used to analyz urine. It helps measur calcium, blood glucose, ketones, and protein. Urinalysis instruments are categorized into semi-automated, fully automated, and reagents.
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