The term toxoplasmosis refers to the infectious disease caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. It may cause acute or chronic infection. Toxoplasmosis is caused by the consumption of improperly cooked mutton, pork, goat, or beef. It is also caused due to the transmission of T. gondii parasite through open wounds, contaminated raw meat, and food or dust contaminated with cat feces. These parasites are found in the kidney, bladder, and intestines of infected persons. In addition, it is transmitted by pregnant women to their developing fetuses through the placenta. The severity of toxoplasmosis depends upon the stage of pregnancy at which women acquires the infection. Infection results in premature birth or spontaneous abortion. Toxoplasmosis exhibits mild symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes and discomfort. However, in individuals with HIV/AIDS, it results in severe, life threatening, and recurring symptoms.
Toxoplasmosis can be serious or fatal in fetuses, newborns, and people with weakened immune systems. Serology, polymerase chain reaction, and immunoperoxidase stain are some of the tests used to diagnose toxoplasmosis. Serology is used to measure immunoglobulin G (IgG) in infected persons. Toxoplasmosis testing is a blood test used to check for the availability of antibodies for T. gondii. Hospitals, commercial or private laboratories, and physician offices are among the common users of toxoplasmosis testing.
For More info Click Here.