Minimally invasive surgeries involve smaller incisions, lower risks of infection, and shorter recovery time. Thin needles and an endoscope to visually guide the surgery are used during these surgeries. In most procedures, a surgeon makes several small incisions and inserts thin tubes called trocars into the body. Carbon dioxide is then used to inflate the area to create space between the internal organs and the skin. Next, a miniature camera is inserted through one of the trocars in order to view the procedure on video monitors in the operating room. Other specialized instruments are inserted through the other trocars in order to perform the surgery after that.
Reduced expenses, blood loss, skin scar, duration of hospital stay, and trauma to the patient are some advantages of minimally invasive surgeries. Continual innovation in the field of minimally invasive surgery makes it useful for various procedures. Closing of atrial septal defect, appendicectomy, biopsy, inguinal hernia repairs, removal of pituitary tumor, removal of kidney and ureteric calculi, carpal tunnel release, and repair of thoracic and abdominal aneurysm are some of the procedures performed using minimally invasive surgery.
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