Infections are mainly caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, virus, and fungi. Infections are categorized into several types. Major forms of infections include Hospital Acquired Infections (HAIs), stomach and intestinal infections, common childhood infections, eye infections, ear infections, lung and respiratory infections, skin infections and sexually transmitted infections (sexually transmitted diseases).
There are several steps to prevent and control these infections. For instance, proper hand washing is the most effective way to prevent the spread of HAIs in hospitals. Some other steps include staying up-to-date with immunizations, covering while coughing and sneezing, using protective clothing such as gloves and masks, and always keeping tissues and hand cleaners handy.
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