Hypercholesterolemia is a genetic disorder characterized by very high levels of cholesterol in the blood. Hypercholesterolemia, also termed as dyslipidemia, is a form of hyperlipidemia and hyperlipoproteinemia in the body. Presence of low-density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (LDL-C) or bad cholesterol in the blood, may lead to cardiovascular diseases. Hypercholesterolemia is caused due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Environmental factors include excessive diet intake and obesity. In case of genetic factors, the number of copies of the gene determines the severity of the disease. People with the homozygous form (two copies of the gene) generally suffer from severe cardiovascular diseases during childhood, while those with the heterozygous form (with a single copy of the gene) suffer from heart diseases in their 30s or 40s.
The hypercholesterolemia treatment market is growing at a significant rate due to technological advancements in this field as well as the growing awareness about different cardiovascular diseases and the availability of their treatment options. Cholesterol is measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) of blood. Treatment for hypercholesterolemia includes intake of statins and switching to a healthy lifestyle.
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