Hemoglobinopathy is a blood disorder with abnormal structure of hemoglobin and is one of the common inherited diseases. It causes almost all genetic disorders related to hemoglobin and is classified into two types; thalassemia syndromes and structural hemoglobin variants (abnormal hemoglobins). The common Hemoglobinopathies include sickle-cell disease, hemoglobin C disease and thalassemia. People who inherit the only unusual hemoglobin gene either from their mother or father and are called as “Carriers”, those are healthy and do not have any inherited disorder. According to WHO, 5% of adults are carrier of hemoglobin condition, 2.9% are for thalassemia and 2.3% are for sickle cell globally this is the result of migrating population of different groups from different regions. It is also found out that worldwide about 1.1% couples are at risk of having children with hemoglobinopathy.
It has been observed in a survey that annually there are 332,000 cases of conceptions or births and iron deficiency in children due to poverty conditions are the crucial factors responsible for fueling this market. The countries with higher population face the problems of accessing healthcare facilities and also lack of awareness about counselling can affect the market negatively. Hemoglobin related problems can cause major health issues as malaria and anemia which can be treated if diagnosed at an early stage. Due to development in the healthcare sector there are cheap and simple ways to test for adults as well as new-born. There are counselling facilities being provided in the low income countries to spread awareness and promote prenatal diagnosis and reassure the birth of the child.
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