Metabolism is a chemical reaction and physical process that involves maintenance of the living state, such as breathing, blood circulation, contraction of muscles, digestion of food and nutrients, elimination of wastes such as urine, controlling body temperature, and functioning of brain and nerves of the organism. It is a pathway that begins with a sequence of chemical reactions with a specific molecule and ends with a product with the help of specific enzyme. Enzymes are vital to metabolism as they allow the organism to drive reactions for required energy. It is divided into two categories, i.e. catabolism and anabolism.
Catabolism is the breakdown of molecules to attain energy, whereas anabolism is synthesis of all compounds needed by the cell. Most metabolic pathways take place in a specific region of the cell and metabolic pathways are the process by which the body converts food into energy. Metabolic testing equipment is used to determine the health and wellness of an individual. Metabolic testing equipment is a screening tool to screen organ functions in conditions such as diabetes, liver diseases, and kidney diseases.
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