Ebola viral infection was first observed in The Democratic Republic of Congo (named after a river called Zaire) in 1976. Ebola is a viral disease which frequently causes lethal haemorrhagic fever in humans. The harmful consequences of Ebola viral infection are that the viruses can be used as potential biological weapon. The symptoms of Ebola viral infection include sudden onset of fever, sore throat, headaches, extreme tiredness, vomiting, skin rash, muscular pain, etc. Ebola virus causes haemorrhagic fever which may lead to internal or external bleeding. The symptoms appear anywhere from 2 to 21 days after exposure to Ebola, though the average is 8 to 10 days. Diagnostic tests are now being done by ELISA (Antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), Polymerase Chain Reaction, Virus Location, IgM Elisa and Immunohistochemistry testing.
Few vaccines and medical treatments for Ebola are in pipeline and due to the absence of effective treatments, the pharmaceutical companies now have big opportunities in the market globally. As per WHO, several care rehydration methods are adopted with fluid injection orally and other treatments are also taken care of which improves the survival rate. Top drug companies such as Hemispherx Biopharma, Biochryst Pharmaceuticals, Nano Vircides, Serepata Therapeutics, NewLink Genetics and Mapp Biopharmaceuticals are among the key players in the global Ebola treatment market and are conducting trials on a set of experimental drugs.
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