Coronary artery disease is a very common type of heart disease. It occurs when the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle harden and become narrow owing to the buildup of cholesterol and other materials on their inner walls. This results in insufficient blood and oxygen flow through the arteries to the heart muscle, hampering its normal functioning. This can lead to chest pain and heart attack. The major reason behind a heart attack is the sudden discontinuation of blood supply to the heart, which permanently damages the organ. Coronary artery diseases also weaken the heart muscle and contribute to heart failure and arrhythmias.
Drug-eluting balloons play a vital role in the treatment of coronary artery disease. A drug-eluting balloon is an emerging device that optimizes clinical outcomes in coronary artery diseases. It becomes a viable alternative treatment option for the inhibition of coronary restenosis and subsequent revascularization through stent technologies.
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