Dental radiology or oral radiology refers to the imaging of teeth in order to diagnose and treat various dental conditions such as hidden dental structures, malignant or benign masses, bone loss, and cavities. The equipment comprises of X-rays and other imaging modalities for performing dental diagnostics. The images are formed by passing a controlled burst of X-ray radiation which enters the oral structure and forms an image on a sensor or photographic plate. Until recently, photographic plates were the gold standard for final representation of diagnostics until the arrival of advanced digital systems.
The market for dental X-rays will be driven by the increasing demand for advanced technologies such as Cone Beam CT, which provides a very accurate imaging and changing trend to digital from analog intraoral film. Advanced 2D and 3D imaging has become crucial to the growth of 3D printing and CAD/CAM of prosthetics and implants which is a significant technological growth driver. The United States dental radiology market is expected to account for the largest share of approximately 41% of the global market. Governmental initiatives and the relaxation of certain regulatory hurdles since 2010 are proving to be a benefit for the growth of the market. The U.S. FDA in 2010 issued reduction in the premarket notification requirements for some radiology products which is currently a major legal macroeconomic driver.
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