Crohn’s disease refers to long term inflammatory bowel disease, which causes inflammation of the lining of the digestive tract. It affects the large and small intestine and is generally diagnosed in persons within the age group of 20-29. It can have severe or acute outcomes. Signs and symptoms of Crohn’s disease develop slowly and gradually. Some of the common symptoms of this disease include abdominal pain and cramping, fever, fatigue, diarrhea, blood in stools, appetite and weight loss. Inflammation of skin, joints, and eyes, inflammation of the liver or bile duct, and delayed sexual development in children are some other symptoms associated with severe Crohn’s disease.
It may be hereditary or develop due to the malfunctioning of the immune system. Inflammation, bowel obstruction, ulcers, anal fissures, malnutrition, and colon cancer are some of the complications associated with the disease. Ileocolitis, lleitis, gastroduodenal Crohn’s disease, jejunoileitis, and Crohn colitis are some of the major types of Crohn’s disease. Ileocolitis is the most common type of Crohn’s disease and it affects the small intestine, also known as ileum and colon.
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