Clinical analyzer is a laboratory instrument used to analyze the concentration of analytes such as metabolites, proteins, electrolytes, and drugs in serum and plasma sample. It is also used to analyze blood components including white blood cells and red blood cells. It helps in diagnosis of various diseases such as cancer, HIV, diabetes, hepatitis, and kidney disorders. Various measurement technological methods including colorimetric testing, photometric testing, latex agglutination, and ion-selective potentiometry are used to analyze samples of blood serum, urine, and plasma. Photometric testing is the most common method used for verifying intensity through clinical analyzer. It uses sample mixed with a reagent for the production of color reaction and to further determine the concentration of volume that passes through photometer.
Colorimetric testing is a method used to determine the presence of any chemical substance in a sample with the help of a color reagent. Latex agglutination is a method for testing antibodies or antigens inside bodily fluids such as saliva, urine, blood, and cerebrospinal fluids. This test is used to identify various infectious diseases. In addition, ion-selective potentiometry is used to measure the concentration of ions such as Li+, Na+, and K+. The two forms of clinical chemical analyzers observed in the market are analyzers using standard clinical chemistry and analyzers using integrating clinical chemistry analysis. Clinical analyzers are used in small point-of-care clinics and high-throughput clinical labs.
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