Artificial organs refer to any device, machine, or other material used to replace the function of a missing or faulty organ of the human body. It is generally made from stem cells of the patients and is grown in laboratories. This includes, in-vivo and in-vitro procedures carried out with the help of stem cells, xenotransplantation, and in-vivo and in-vitro procedures carried out in genetically modified animals. Biomaterials are also used to develop body interfaces. Artificial organs help in retaining those processing abilities, which cannot be retained naturally through installation. It helps the patient to maintain normal human life. Artificial organs may be temporary or permanent. They are classified into four groups, including bone or joint replacement, skin or soft tissue replacement, internal organs, and sensory organs. Bone or joint replacement involves replacing knee, hip, finger, and total limb with artificial organs. Skin or soft tissue replacement involves replacing the various skin or soft tissues such as breasts, skin, and muscles with artificial implants. Meanwhile, internal organs include kidney, heart, liver, pancreas, and blood vessels; and sensor organs include eyes and ears. Artificial heart is one of the most widely developed artificial organs. Some of the prosthetic devices such as brain pacemaker, which helps in controlling neural network diseases and epilepsy, cannot be repaired by artificial organs.
Currently, North America dominates the global artificial organs market, followed by Europe. This is due to the rising number of organ failures, which is attributed to the rise in aging population and age related disorders in these regions. Asia is expected to be the fastest growing market in the next five years. This is due to the rising health care expenditure, rising medical tourism, and improvement in health care infrastructure in this region. Moreover, the presence of a large patient population base is also driving the growth of the artificial organs market in this region.
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