Artificial organs refer to any device, machine, or other material used to replace the function of a missing or faulty organ of the human body. It is generally made from stem cells of the patients and is grown in laboratories. This includes, in-vivo and in-vitro procedures carried out with the help of stem cells, xenotransplantation, and in-vivo and in-vitro procedures carried out in genetically modified animals. Biomaterials are also used to develop body interfaces. Artificial organs help in retaining those processing abilities, which cannot be retained naturally through installation. It helps the patient to maintain normal human life. Artificial organs may be temporary or permanent. They are classified into four groups, including bone or joint replacement, skin or soft tissue replacement, internal organs, and sensory organs. Bone or joint replacement involves replacing knee, hip, finger, and total limb with artificial organs.
Skin or soft tissue replacement involves replacing the various skin or soft tissues such as breasts, skin, and muscles with artificial implants. Meanwhile, internal organs include kidney, heart, liver, pancreas, and blood vessels; and sensor organs include eyes and ears. Artificial heart is one of the most widely developed artificial organs. Some of the prosthetic devices such as brain pacemaker, which helps in controlling neural network diseases and epilepsy, cannot be repaired by artificial organs.
For More info Click Here.