MIT researchers are working on faster retinal scanners that will allow doctors to make more accurate diagnosis much sooner than currently possible.
A new way to use lasers to snap highly detailed 3-D pictures of the eye could help improve diagnoses of many ocular diseases, engineers say.
The MIT researchers who developed the approach say they now can scan the retina at record speeds of up to 236,000 lines per second, 10 times faster than current technology.
“It’s impossible to test the retina by removing tissue from it with a biopsy,” Fujimoto said. “Our technique allows ophthalmologists to non-invasively image the eye to perform earlier and more sensitive diagnosis.”
Commercial OCT systems scan the eye at rates ranging from several hundred to several thousand lines per second. However, a typical patient can only keep the eye still for about one second, limiting the amount of 3-D data that can get acquired.
Now Fujimoto and his colleagues reveal they can scan the retina 10 times faster than current OCT technology with a novel laser they developed, which they will detail on May 10 at the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference in Baltimore.
The new laser can rapidly vary the wavelength of the beam it fires. In a crude sense, the wavelength of the laser is the length of the ruler used to measure details about the eye. Rapidly varying the laser’s wavelength returns more 3-D data about the eye, enabling the boost in speed.
“We can generate detailed 3-D images with unprecedented speed,” Fujimoto said. However, he cautioned the work is still five years or more away from commercialization.